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Bolgheri

 

It is curious to discover that the name Bolgheri derives from the presence of a military camp of Bulgarians who were sent to this spot as allies of the Lombards in order to protect the zone from a possible landing of Byzantine forces stationed in Sardinia.
It is not known, instead, the exact period in which the castle of Bolgheri was given this name to replace that of “Sala del Duca Allone”, the hall of Duke Allone, its previous name, as we can deduce from a document which Pope Gregory VII sent bishop Giuglielmo of nearby Populonia in 1075 and which indicated the boundaries of the diocese.

The spot, from its very origins, was dominated by Della Gherardesca counts. A dominion which was always recognized even when, due to varying events over the centuries, they temporarily lost control of these properties.

It is, in fact, a document regarding precisely this family in which we find, mentioned for the first time,  the sale of certain possessions situated in the curia of “Bolgari”. ”.

 

It is curious to discover that the name Bolgheri derives from the presence of a military camp of Bulgarians who were sent to this spot as allies of the Lombards in order to protect the zone from a possible landing of Byzantine forces stationed in Sardinia.
It is not known, instead, the exact period in which the castle of Bolgheri was given this name to replace that of “Sala del Duca Allone”, the hall of Duke Allone, its previous name, as we can deduce from a document which Pope Gregory VII sent bishop Giuglielmo of nearby Populonia in 1075 and which indicated the boundaries of the diocese.

The spot, from its very origins, was dominated by Della Gherardesca counts. A dominion which was always recognized even when, due to varying events over the centuries, they temporarily lost control of these properties.
It is, in fact, a document regarding precisely this family in which we find, mentioned for the first time,  the sale of certain possessions situated in the curia of “Bolgari”.

The castle of Bolgheri was destroyed on several occasions over the centuries and was rebuilt again by the Della Gherardesca counts only in the early part of the 18th century; the family also drained swamps and marshes and built an aqueduct  which supplied the village with potable water, thereby allowing agriculture to be resumed and creating a certain level of economic well being.

In recent decades, it was the Incisa della Roccheta Marquises who gave a significant impulse to the area, realizing early on the potential for the production of fine wine from international grape varieties.

Among the principal sites of interest in the zone is the “Bolgheri Wildlife Refuge” which, since 1959, has been the first private oasis of this type in Italy. Strongly desired by Marquis Mario Incisa della Rocchetta, it has, since 1968, been recognized as a WWF oasis http://www.wwf.it/oasi/toscana/padule_di_bolgheri/. Its overall surface covers some 1250 acres (500 hectares) which extend from the Ligurian Sea to the Tyrrhenian Railroad. We are dealing with an unspoiled park which conserves, just as it once was, the characteristics of the Tuscan Maremma before it was drained and restored to active life in the 19th century. A swampy zone full of reeds it there to be found, but there is, in addition, other spots with typical Mediterranean flora. And in this protected area it is easy to find roe deer, rabbits, squirrels, starlings, peregrine falcons, owls, cranes, and mallard ducks.

The castle of Bolgheri was destroyed on several occasions over the centuries and was rebuilt again by the Della Gherardesca counts only in the early part of the 18th century; the family also drained swamps and marshes and built an aqueduct  which supplied the village with potable water, thereby allowing agriculture to be resumed and creating a certain level of economic well being.

In recent decades, it was the Incisa della Roccheta Marquises who gave a significant impulse to the area, realizing early on the potential for the production of fine wine from international grape varieties.

Among the principal sites of interest in the zone is the “Bolgheri Wildlife Refuge” which, since 1959, has been the first private oasis of this type in Italy. Strongly desired by Marquis Mario Incisa della Rocchetta, it has, since 1968, been recognized as a WWF oasis http://www.wwf.it/oasi/toscana/padule_di_bolgheri/. Its overall surface covers some 1250 acres (500 hectares) which extend from the Ligurian Sea to the Tyrrhenian Railroad. We are dealing with an unspoiled park which conserves, just as it once was, the characteristics of the Tuscan Maremma before it was drained and restored to active life in the 19th century. A swampy zone full of reeds it there to be found, but there is, in addition, other spots with typical Mediterranean flora. And in this protected area it is easy to find roe deer, rabbits, squirrels, starlings, peregrine falcons, owls, cranes, and mallard ducks.

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